Nearly half of the American population suffers from gum disease at least once in their lives. At the office of Dr. Bashiri, in both Concord and Albany, California, Farrokh Bashiri, DDS, provides comprehensive treatment solutions for patients of all ages struggling with gum disease. To learn more about restoring your oral health, call the office of Dr. Bashiri, or use online booking to schedule an appointment with Dr. Bashiri today.
The term “periodontal”means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth; also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages.
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. When gingivitis is present, one may or may not detect some signs such as bleeding gums, tenderness, puffiness and redness of the gums. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
Early Onset Periodontitis. Is a form of Periodontal disease Caused by specific bacteria in young people (below the age of 35). This is an aggressive type of periodontal disease that can cause severe damage to the oral health in young people. Identifying the responsible bacteria is essential in controlling this type of periodontal disease. A bacterial study of the plaque can reveal the nature of the bacteria responsible for the condition which in turn can help in using anti microbial agents in conjunction with conventional treatment.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.
Types of Periodontal Disease
When left untreated, gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) can spread to below the gum line. When the gums become irritated by the toxins contained in plaque, a chronic inflammatory response causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue. There may be little or no symptoms as periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue. Deepening pockets between the gums and teeth are generally indicative that soft tissue and bone is being destroyed by periodontal disease.
Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease:
Treatment for Periodontal Disease
There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments the periodontist may choose to perform, depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.
Here are some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:
Ask your periodontist if you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease, periodontal treatment, or dental implants.